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Foreign-Born Population


Proportion of the total population classified as immigrants.

Why This Matters

Through much of the 2000’s and 2010’s, Canada admitted more than 250,000 new immigrants each year. That number is expected to reach 310,000 in 2018 and 340,000 by 2020.

Economic immigrants, including skilled workers, provincial nominees, Canadian experience class immigrants, business class immigrants, and live-in caregivers account for well over half of new entrants. Given that economic benefit to Canada is the broad objective underlying their admission, the initial settlement and subsequent mobility of economic immigrants are relevant to local labour markets and regional economies.

Measurement and Limitations

The term “immigrants” includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, the term “immigrants” includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016. In 2001, the Census of the Population specifically denoted “foreign born population.” In 2006, 2011 and 2016 the Census of the Population and the National Household Survey displayed “Immigrant Population.”

Data Source

Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of the Population

Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey

Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of the Population

Statistics Canada, 2001 Census of the Population

Last updated: April 2019. Source is updated each census cycle (every 5 years).

For more information on local initiatives, visit New Canadians Centre Peterborough.


Study: Economic Immigrants in Gateway Cities: Factors Involved in Their Initial Location and Onward Migration Decisions. Retrieved from

The Canadian Immigrant Labour Market: Recent Trends from 2006 to 2017. Retrieved from

Canada More Dependent Than Ever On Immigration, Data Shows. Retrieved from

Imagining Canada’s Economy Without Immigration. Retrieved from

If immigration was slashed, Canada’s economy would feel the pinch: report. Retrieved from

Why immigration is so important to Canada’s economy? Retrieved from


Foreign-Born Population in the Sustainable Development Goals

Click on the SDG to reveal more information